Regulation says “subject to its jurisdiction”, and clarifies the 14th Amendment

A tweet from @nothanksIRS clarifies the awkward wording of 14th amendment by citing a clearer regulation: It says a “citizen” is a person “born or naturalized in the United States” AND “subject to ITS jurisdiction”. So citizen = subject “U.S.” here refers to the federal government. That’s why they say “ITS jurisdiction” and not “their jurisdiction”Being […]

Bakers vs. Butchers: Why did the Constitution protect a baker but not a butcher? Comparing Masterpiece Bakeshop to Slaughterhouse Cases

Why could a Colorado baker in 2018 Supreme Court case claim the Constitution protects him from a State government, but a Louisiana butcher in 1869 could not? The baker won his case likely by claiming to be a U.S. citizen (a federal citizen), rather than a Colorado Citizen (a State Citizen). This might seem confusing to […]