The word ‘revenue’ may have originally had a hyphen, as in ‘re-venue’. The word venue may always mean the place for a trial. Adding ‘re’ in front of a word means to do it again, as in ‘redo’. Therefore ‘re-venue’ means to change the venue. Then Internal Revenue Service may provide the service of changing the venue (internally?).
- Art. 1, s. 9, §5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or re-venue to the ports of one state over those of another, nor shall vessels bound to or from one state be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another.
The hyphen in ‘re-venue’ emphasizes the verb is ‘venue’ and it is being done again, as in ‘re-do’. It means to change the venue or move to a new venue.
The word ‘remove’ is similar. We think it means to delete but it used to mean or still does mean, in a legal setting, to move again. Ben Franklin wrote an essay entitled, Information to Those Who Would Remove to America.
The phrase ‘change of venue’ is, per Wikipedia, a ‘legal term for moving a trial to a new location.’ Perhaps in the definition above, it could be read that no preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or trial venue change to the ports of one state over those of another.
The same Wikipedia entry states, “In law, the word venue designates the location where a trial will be held. It derives from the Latin word for “a place where people gather.” Per Bouvier’s Law, venue “is the county from which the jury are to come, who are to try the issue.” I’m convinced venue means the legal venue.
Internal Revenue Service would then seem to be a service that moves the venue.
For language, I always imagine a hyphen in words that start with ‘re’.