Banks don’t take deposits. Banks don’t lend money.

It’s a miracle!! Richard Werner, an economist and professor, explains how banks really work. They don’t take deposits and they don’t lend money.

A summary and full transcript appears below the video! I typed it out because it’s so important. (Hat tip to @notporc for providing the new video.)

— Begin Transcript —

Banks are being thought of intermediaries, but this not really what’s happening. Banks are creators of the money supply.

I produced the first empirical studies to prove that [banks create money out of thin air].

Banks are thought of as deposit-taking institutions that lend money. The legal reality is banks don’t take deposits and banks don’t lend money.

So what is a deposit? A deposit is not actually a deposit. It’s not a bailment. And it’s not held in custody.

At law, the word deposit is meaningless. The law courts and various judgements have made it very clear if you give your money to a bank even though it’s called a deposit, this money is simply a loan to the bank. So there is no such thing as deposit. It’s a loan at a bank.

So banks borrow from the public. So that much we’ve established.

What about lending? Surely they’re lending money. Umm. No, they don’t. Banks don’t lend money. Banks again, at law, it’s very clear. They’re in the business of purchasing securities. That’s it.

So you say. OK. Don’t confuse me with all that legalese.

I want a loan. Fine, here’s the loan contract. Here’s the offer letter. And you sign. At law, it’s very clear, you have issued a security. Namely a promissory note. And the bank is going to purchase that. That’s what’s happening.

What the bank is doing is very different from what it presents to the public that it’s doing.

How does this fit together? So you say fine, the bank purchases my promissory note, but how do I get my money? This is a loan. I don’t care about the details. I want the money. The bank will say you’ll find it in your account with us. That would be technically correct. If they say, we’ll transfer it to your account, that’s wrong because no money is transferred, at all, from anywhere inside the bank or outside the bank. Why? Because what we call a deposit, is simply the bank’s record of its debt to the public. Now it also owes you money [for the promissory note] and its record of the money it owes you is what you think you’re getting as money [as a loan]. And that’s all it is.

That is how the banks create the money supply. The money supply consists to 97 percent of bank deposits and these are created out of nothing by banks when they lend. Because they invent fictitious customer deposits. Why? They simply restate, slightly incorrectly in accounting terms – what is an accounts payable liability arising from the loan contract having purchased your promissory note – as a customer deposit. But nobody has deposited any money.

I wonder how the FCA [Financial Conduct Authority] deals with this because in the financial sector you’re not supposed to mislead your customers.

— End transcript —


In essence, if I followed it correctly, here’s what happens.

Note, this is based on double-entry accounting. When something is added to the Assets side, something must be added to the Liabilities side.

Deposits: Customers lend money to the banks, and that becomes an asset to the bank. The bank then creates an account (payable) showing how much the bank owes the customer. The account that I think is mine, is really a bookkeeping entry. It’s an accounts payable; but the bank calls it an account for short. [Hat tip to Stop the Pirates]

Loans: A customer completes a bank loan application that is really a promissory note. A note has value, since someone is promising to pay an amount in the future. The note becomes an Asset on the bank’s books. On the Liabilities side of the bank’s balance sheet, the bank adds an accounts payable [Learn accounting!]. That accounts payable is the account used by the customer to access the so-called loan.

Note that the bank does not place the funds into the customer’s existing account. The bank creates a new account and I am saying that this is really an accounts payable.

They say they placed money into the account, but really it’s just a ledger entry. And what this all means, my friends, is that we are passing around ledger entries. Or at least that’s the way I see it based on Richard Werner’s points above and much thinking since.

The bank never actually pays for the promissory note. It promises to pay in the future, and the bank can prove that (in a way) by showing the accounts payable showing the bank plans to pay it at some point.

Many people say that the banks or Federal Reserve create money out of thin air. Well, it’s actually the customer that created the money when the customer signed the promissory note. Federal Reserve notes represent the promised dollars of loan applicants.

I complete a loan application. As I said, this is really a promise to pay (let’s say) $200,000. The bank agrees to buy this note from me, and does the steps noted above. I initiated the promise.

Let’s add another level. There is no money. This is true because I have not paid that $200,000. I have only promised to pay it. The Federal Reserve Notes are the ledger entries of the banks and that is what we use to trade. Those notes, I think, are currency, not money. Yes, this may be technical, but it could be significant.

Winston Shrout has said that we’ve been taught to see everything backwards, in terms of banking, with debits being credits, and credits being debits. That the loan application is the asset fits in with his theory. [This video with Winston might have this statement.]

Seriously, get the accounting book linked above, so you really know double-entry book-keeping.

Wait, there’s more. When people are charged with a crime, they have counts against them. Tell me…are those really accounts payables? Not sure. Still have to ponder this.

Ask for your note back!

I think people should ask for the return of their loan ‘application’ after paying off the ‘loan” since the loan application is really an IOU. An IOU should be returned if the man/woman who wrote the note follows pays off the note/IOU. The goal would be to reduce the quantity of dollars in circulation, as this would increase the value of all other dollars in circulation. It would be dollar deflation, which is good.

Please post a comment below if you ask for your note/application back. I may do this for a school loan years ago.


  1. The problem is I can’t buy a home with my promissory note, the one I sold to the bank. So I need to instead sell my promissory note to the bank, and use the bank’s promissory notes (Federal Reserve Notes, aka dollars) to purchase the home.
  2. How does the bank get the Federal Reserve Notes from the Federal Reserve? What is that process?
  3. A credit card might work the same way. The application for the credit card is actually a promissory note that is sold to the credit card company. The customer’s credit card account is actually an accounts payable entry on the books of credit card company.


7 comments on “Banks don’t take deposits. Banks don’t lend money.

  1. The problem is I can’t buy a home with my promissory note, the one I sold to the bank. So I need to instead sell my promissory note to the bank, and use the bank’s promissory notes (Federal Reserve Notes, aka dollars) to purchase the home.

  2. A credit card might work the same way. The application for the credit card is actually a promissory note that is sold to the credit card company. The customer’s credit card account is actually an accounts payable entry on the books of credit card company.

  3. The so-called “mortgages” (or “death notes” is what they really are) are “supposed” to be “contracts” or “agreements between two valid, legitimate parties. Well, we all know how valid and legit the banks are. There’s where the problem starts. Our bank has been trying to foreclose on our house since 2012. They have not been able to do so, but they are still trying to sell our house after FIVE law days have come and gone. We have hired expert witnesses, provided valid, solid evidence that the bank DOES NOT HAVE POSSESSION NOR DID IT EVER HAVE POSSESSION OF A VALID “AGREEMENT/CONTRACT” regarding the payment of our house. They have NOT provided PROOF OF CLAIM, hence the criminal judges will always rule in favor of the bank because the judges are bank administrators; they work for the banks. This is something that we can’t win in THEIR jurisdiction. However, they REFUSE to acknowledge the people’s sovereign right to conduct business fairly and within the Natural Law…The Admiralty side of this system is in control, the law of the sea, NOT THE LAW OF THE LAND, WHICH IS THE PEOPLE! The PIRATES (i.e., bankers, and BAR attorneys) have commandeered our “vessels”, i.e., our bodies with the issuance of the “birth” certificates…this is why we never win in probate court, i.e., courts that handle property. This is because WE are considered commodities NOT living beings! We are owned. We are used, abused, and discarded when no longer needed. That’s the short of it. Slaves can’t own anything. WE ARE OWNED and until we DO something about it, we will remain in the same crappy situation we’ve been in for centuries.

    1. Hi Deborah! I’d love to speak with you about where you are with the process for your home. Me and my sister are going through the same process now to fight against the banks & make them prove they have right to foreclose on our home. Thing is they don’t own the promissory note. So they’ve been stuck it’s just been a few months. But I’d love any advice! Peace & Love

  4. Also I would like to add that those notes and mortgages are death notes. The judicial system is infiltrated by foreigners and bankers and instead of cotton we go out in get Federal Reserve notes. These investors don’t want to work and need somebody to bring the money to them it’s a scam and if ppl were put in prison for this— maybe freedom would prevail. Just stealing peoples homes by other human beings is massacre. That’s why the only way to fight is to have some form of faith or you will go crazy. send these people to jail and maybe will get peace of mind –yes the judges are acting criminal — how can not uphold the law. they are administrators for the banks like someone said Admiralty law– we are owned— but I rather be a slave to God then men!!!! The devil is here but he is also a liar. Read the book (the conspiracy against America — the emeries within) — talks about the anti Christ, Roswell events, john Kennedy and the conspiracy against the black man from the jews. Heavy material I say.

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